This bibliography cites current literature incorporating the technical background and the ethical issues regarding the implantation of electrodes into the visual cortex of the brain to facilitate use of a prosthesis which can help improve sight. Included are citations regarding cochlear/ear implants which similarly utilize cortical implants to for a prosthesis to improve hearing loss, and so the discussion about issues regarding the cochlear implant can help frame the ethical concerns of the newer experimentation into visual prostheses. Other projects attempting to improve sight using a retinal implant are included as well, for these can be a useful comparative tool. Where possible, articles have been hyperlinked to their source.
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Beard, Marion. “Signs of the Times: Cochlear Implants May Not Be the Best Way to Help Deaf Children.” New Scientist 162.2183 (24 Apr 1999): 52.
Berg, Abby. Alice Herb, and Marsha Hurst. “Cochlear Implants in Children: Ethics, Informed Consent, and Parental Decision Making.” Journal of Clinical Ethics 16.3 (Fall 2005): 239-250.
Blume, Stuart S. “The Rhetoric and Counter-rhetoric of a ‘Bionic’ Technology.” Science, Technology, and Human Values 22.1 (Winter 1997): 31-56.
Bramstedt, Katrina A. “When Microchip Implants Do More Than Drug Delivery: Blending, Blurring, and Bundling of Protected Health Information and Patient Monitoring.” Technology and Health Care 13.3 (2005): 193-198.
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Burton, M. J. “The Biological Safety and Efficacy of Cochlear Implantation in Young Children. An Evaluation in an Animal Model.” Diss. Oxford U., 1994.
Christiansen, John B and Irene Leigh. Cochlear Implants in Children: Ethics and Choices. Washington, D.C.: Gallaudet University Press, 2002.
Clark, Graeme M. and Robert S. Cowan, eds. International Cochlear Implant, Speech and Hearing Symposium--Melbourne 1994. St. Louis, MO: Annals Publishing Co., 1995.
Clark, Graeme M., Robert S. Cowan, and Richard C. Dowell. “Ethical Issues.” Cochlear Implantation for Infants and Children: Advances. San Diego, CA: Singular Publishing Group, 1997. 241-249.
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Davis, D. S. “Cochlear implants and the claims of culture? A response to Lane and Grodin.” Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 7.3 (1997, September): 253-258.
Drum, Bruce. "Federal Regulation of Vision Enhancement Devices for Normal and Abnormal Vision." Journal of Modern Optics 53.9 (2006): 1215-28.
European Commission. "The Ethical Aspects of ICT Implants in the Human Body: Proceedings of the Roundtable Debate." European Group on Ethics in Science and New Technologies Amsterdam, December 2004.
Farah, Martha J and Paul Root Wolpe. “Monitoring and Manipulating Brain Function: New Neuroscience Technologies and their Ethical Implications.” Hastings Center Report 34.3 (May-June 2004): 35-45.
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Fielder, J. H. and J. Black. “But Doctor, It's My Hip!: The Fate of Failed Medical Devices.” Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 5.2 (June 1995): 113-31.
Ford, Paul J. “Neurosurgical Implants: Clinical Protocol Considerations.” Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 16.3 (July 2007): 308-311.
Ford, Paul et al. “A Patient Revoking Consent During Awake Craniotomy: An Ethical Challenge.” Neuromodulation 10.4 (October 2007): 329-332.
Foster, Kenneth R., Paul R. Wolpe and Arthur L. Caplan. “Bioethics and the Brain.” IEEE Spectrum 40.6 (June 2003): 34-39
Fraysse, Bernard G. and O. Deguine. Cochlear Implants New Perspectives: International Symposium, Toulouse, June 2-3, 1992. Basel; New York: Karger, 1993.
Gillet, G. “Cyborgs and Moral Identity.” Journal of Medical Ethics 32.2 (2006): 79-83.
Grodin, Michael and Harlan L. Lane. “Ethical Issues in Cochlear Implant Surgery: An Exploration into Disease, Disability and the Best Interests of the Child.” Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 7.3 (September 1997): 231-251.
Gusseck, H. “Retinaimplantate. Erwartungen aus Patientensicht. [Retinal Implants. Patients’ Expectations].” Der Ophthalmologe : Zeitschrift der Deutschen Ophthalmologischen Gesellschaft 102.10 (2005): 950-6
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Hansson, Sven-Ove. “Implant Ethics.” Journal of Medical Ethics 31.9 (Summer, 2005): 519-525.
Harris, John. Wonderwoman and Superman: The Ethics of Human Biotechnology. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1992.
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Komesaroff, Linda R. Surgical Consent: Bioethics and Cochlear Implantation. Washington D.C.: Gallaudet University Press, 2007.
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McCaughey, J. D. “Cochlear Implants: Some Considerations of a More or Less Ethical Character.” Annals of Otology, Rhinology and Laryngology Suppl. 166 (Sept. 1995): 16-17.
McGee, Ellen M. and Gerald Q. Maguire. “Becoming a Borg to Become Immortal: Regulating Brain Implant Technologies.” Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 16.3 (July 2007): 291-302.
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Nsanze, Fabienne. Ethical Aspects of ICT Implants in the Human Body. Opinion Number 20. Brussels, Belgium: European Group on Ethics in Science and New Technologies, European Commission, 2005 March 16.
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