Research Records and the Resolution of Misconduct Allegations at Research Universities

TitleResearch Records and the Resolution of Misconduct Allegations at Research Universities
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2007
AuthorsWilson, K, Schreier, A, Griffin, A, Resnik, DB
JournalAccountability in Research: Policies & Quality Assurance
Volume14
Issue1
Pagination57-71
Type of ArticleArticle
Publication Languageeng
ISSN Number08989621
Accession Number23547837
KeywordsCOMPLAINTS , data management , EMPIRICAL , ENGINEERING , ethics , information , MEDICINE , Misconduct , policy , RECORDS , research , SCIENCE
AbstractAccurate record keeping is an important part of the responsible conduct of research. However, there is very little empirical research on scientific record keeping. No one knows the incidence of serious problems with research records, the types of problems that occur, nor their consequences. In this study, we examined the role of research records in the resolution of misconduct allegations as a useful barometer for the incidence and types of problems that occur with records. We interviewed Research Integrity Officers (RIOs) at 90 major research universities and conducted focus groups with active research faculty. RIOs reported problems with research records in 38% of the 553 investigations they conducted. Severe problems with research records often prevented completion of investigations while problems that are more typical lengthened them by 2 to 3 weeks. Five types of poor record keeping practices accounted for 75% of the problems with incomplete/inadequate records being the most common (30%). The focus groups concurred with the findings from the interviews with RIOs, stressed the importance of the research group leader in setting and maintaining record practices, and offered additional insights. While university officials and faculty members have suspected for many years that there are serious problems with research record keeping, our study provides empirical evidence for this belief. By documenting some of the problems with record keeping in university-based research, the results of our study provide information that will be useful for policy development at academic institutions. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]Copyright of Accountability in Research: Policies & Quality Assurance is the property of Taylor & Francis Ltd and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract. (Copyright applies to all Abstracts.)
NotesWILSON, KENNETH 1; Email Address: wilsonk@ecu.edu; SCHREIER, ALAN 1; GRIFFIN, ANGEL 2; RESNIK, DAVID 3; Affiliations: 1: Department of Sociology and the Division of Research and Graduate Studies, East Carolina University, Greenville, North Carolina, USA; 2: RTI—International, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina, USA; 3: National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina, USA; Issue Info: Jan2007, Vol. 14 Issue 1, p57; Thesaurus Term: INFORMATION storage & retrieval systems; Thesaurus Term: RESEARCH; Thesaurus Term: EMPIRICAL research; Thesaurus Term: RECORDS -- Management; Thesaurus Term: RESEARCH institutes; Subject Term: COMPLAINTS & complaining; Author-Supplied Keyword: ethics; Author-Supplied Keyword: misconduct investigations; Author-Supplied Keyword: policy; Author-Supplied Keyword: research integrity; Author-Supplied Keyword: research record keeping; Number of Pages: 15p; Illustrations: 2 Charts, 1 Graph; Document Type: Article
DOI10.1080/08989620601126017
Short TitleResearch Records and the Resolution of Misconduct Allegations at Research Universities
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