Data withholding in genetics and the other life sciences: prevalences and predictors.

TitleData withholding in genetics and the other life sciences: prevalences and predictors.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2006
AuthorsBlumenthal, D, Campbell, EG, Gokhale, M, Yucel, R, Clarridge, B, Hilgartner, S, Holtzman, NA
JournalAcademic Medicine
Date PublishedFeb
Publication Languageeng
ISBN Number1040-2446
Accession Number16436574
Keywordsaccess , Access to Information , Adult , Biological , Biological Science Disciplines , Biomedical , Biomedical Research , competitive , Competitive Behavior , Confidentiality , cooperative , Cooperative Behavior , Data , Data Collection , Faculty , Faculty, Medical , Female , GENETICS , Humans , INTERDISCIPLINARY , Interdisciplinary Communication , Male , Medical , research , Research Personnel , United , United States , Universities
AbstractIn 2000, a sample of 2,893 geneticists and other life scientists (OLS) at the 100 most research-intensive universities in the United States were surveyed concerning data withholding and sharing. Out of a total of 1,849 faculty who responded, forty-four percent of geneticists and 32% of OLS reported participating in any one of 13 forms of data withholding in the three previous years. Publishing withholding (geneticists 35%, OLS 25%) was more frequent than verbal withholding (geneticists 23%, OLS 12%). The authors concluded that data withholding is common in biomedical science, takes multiple forms, is influenced by a variety of characteristics of investigators and their training, and varies by field of science. Encouraging openness during the formative experiences of young investigators may be critical to increased data sharing, but the effects of formal training do not appear straightforward.
Full Text