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The Morality of 'Military Anthropology'
|Title||The Morality of 'Military Anthropology'|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2008|
|Authors||Lucas, George R.|
|Journal||Journal of Military Ethics|
|Type of Article||Article|
|Keywords||AFGHAN War, 2001- , ANTHROPOLOGY , COUNTERINSURGENCY , cultural terrain , ethics , ethics of anthropology , human terrain , human terrain systems , IRAQ War, 2003- , JUST war doctrine , just war theory , MILITARY|
This article describes the use of anthropologists 'embedded' with military forces in Afghanistan and Iraq to provide onsite knowledge, interpretation, and practical advice regarding local cultures and practices. The specific development of this 'Human Terrain System' (HTS) project is distinguished from other, related employment of anthropologists to assist in the writing or revision of military policy and doctrine (as in the U.S. Army's new Counterinsurgency Field Manual), provide pre-deployment education and orientation to military troops in language and regional cultural studies, or even to engage in anthropological field research focused on military services and organizations themselves. The author discusses the controversy generated by this field of "Military Anthropology" and discusses its relationship t professional code of ethics in anthropology, how anthropologists govern their responsibilities toward individuals and cultures studied; and features of classical just war theory, governing the role of those (whether combatants or support personnel, such as civilian academics or scientists) who find themselves participating in conflicts which may (or may not) satisfy the basic criteria of moral or legal justification.
LUCAS, GEORGE R. 1; Email Address: email@example.com; Affiliation: 1: Stockdale Center, U.S. Naval Academy, Annapolis, Maryland, U.S.A.; Source Info: Nov2008, Vol. 7 Issue 3, p165; Subject Term: ETHICS; Subject Term: ANTHROPOLOGY; Subject Term: COUNTERINSURGENCY; Subject Term: JUST war doctrine; Subject Term: AFGHAN War, 2001-; Subject Term: IRAQ War, 2003-; Author-Supplied Keyword: anthropology; Author-Supplied Keyword: counterinsurgency; Author-Supplied Keyword: cultural terrain; Author-Supplied Keyword: Ethics; Author-Supplied Keyword: ethics of anthropology; Author-Supplied Keyword: human terrain; Author-Supplied Keyword: human terrain systems; Author-Supplied Keyword: just war theory; Author-Supplied Keyword: military; Number of Pages: 21p; Document Type: Article