Ethical Design of Intelligent Assistive Technologies for Dementia: A Descriptive Review

TitleEthical Design of Intelligent Assistive Technologies for Dementia: A Descriptive Review
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuthorsWangmo, T, Ienca, M, Jotterand, F, Elger, B, Kressig, RW
JournalScience and Engineering Ethics
Date Published2018
Publication Languageeng
ISBN Number13533452
KeywordsArtificial , assistive , Dementia , ethical , Moral , NEUROTECHNOLOGY , proactive , SELF-help , user-centered
AbstractThe use of Intelligent Assistive Technology (IAT) in dementia care opens the prospects of reducing the global burden of dementia and enabling novel opportunities to improve the lives of dementia patients. However, with current adoption rates being reportedly low, the potential of IATs might remain under-expressed as long as the reasons for suboptimal adoption remain unaddressed. Among these, ethical and social considerations are critical. This article reviews the spectrum of IATs for dementia and investigates the prevalence of ethical considerations in the design of current IATs. Our screening shows that a significant portion of current IATs is designed in the absence of explicit ethical considerations. These results suggest that the lack of ethical consideration might be a codeterminant of current structural limitations in the translation of IATs from designing labs to bedside. Based on these data, we call for a coordinated effort to proactively incorporate ethical considerations early in the design and development of new products.
NotesWangmo, Tenzin 1 Ienca, Marcello 1,2 Jotterand, Fabrice 1,3 Elger, Bernice 1,4 Kressig, Reto W. 5; Affiliation: 1: Institute for Biomedical Ethics, University of Basel, Bernoullistrasse 28, 4056, Basel, Switzerland 2: Health Ethics and Policy Lab, Department of Health Sciences and Technology, ETH, Zurich, Switzerland 3: Center for Bioethics and Medical Humanities, Institute for Health and Society, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI, USA 4: Center for Legal Medicine, University of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland 5: Department of Cell Biology, New York University Medical Center, New York, New York, U.S.A; Source Info: Aug2018, Vol. 24 Issue 4, p1035; Subject Term: ASSISTIVE computer technology; Subject Term: SELF-help devices for people with disabilities; Subject Term: DEMENTIA patients; Subject Term: NEUROTECHNOLOGY (Bioengineering); Subject Term: ARTIFICIAL intelligence; Subject Term: MORAL & ethical aspects; Author-Supplied Keyword: Artificial intelligence; Author-Supplied Keyword: Assistive technology; Author-Supplied Keyword: Dementia; Author-Supplied Keyword: Ethical design; Author-Supplied Keyword: Neurotechnology; Author-Supplied Keyword: Proactive ethics; Author-Supplied Keyword: User-centered; Number of Pages: 21p; Document Type: Article; Full Text Word Count: 10057