Uncovering a New Moral Dilemma of Economic Optimization in Biotechnological Processing

TitleUncovering a New Moral Dilemma of Economic Optimization in Biotechnological Processing
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuthorsVochozka, M, Stehel, V, Maroušková, A
JournalScience and Engineering Ethics
Volume24
Issue4
Pagination1331-1338
Date Published2018
Publication Languageeng
ISBN Number13533452
KeywordsBIOECONOMICS , Bioeconomy , BIOTECHNOLOGICAL , BIOTECHNOLOGY , Financial , logistics , Mathematical , Moral , process , PUBLIC
AbstractThe trend of emerging biorefineries is to process the harvest as efficiently as possible and without any waste. From the most valuable phytomass, refined medicines, enzymes, dyes and other special reactants are created. Functional foods, food ingredients, oils, alcohol, solvents, plastics, fillers and a wide variety of other chemical products follow. After being treated with nutrient recovery techniques (for fertilizer production), biofuels or soil improvers are produced from the leftovers. Economic optimization algorithms have confirmed that such complex biorefineries can be financially viable only when a high degree of feedstock concentration is included. Because the plant material is extremely voluminous before processing, the farming intensity of special plants increases in the nearest vicinity of agglomerations where the biorefineries are built for logistical reasons. Interdisciplinary analyses revealed that these optimization measures lead to significantly increased pollen levels in neighbouring urban areas and subsequently an increased risk of allergies, respectively costs to the national health system. A new moral dilemma between the shareholder's profit and public interest was uncovered and subjected to disputation.
NotesVochozka, Marek 1 Stehel, Vojtěch 1 Maroušková, Anna 1; Affiliation: 1: The Institute of Technology and Business in České Budějovice, Okružní 517/10, 370 01, České Budějovice, Czech Republic; Source Info: Aug2018, Vol. 24 Issue 4, p1331; Subject Term: BIOTECHNOLOGY ethics; Subject Term: BIOECONOMICS; Subject Term: PROCESS optimization; Subject Term: BIOTECHNOLOGICAL process control; Subject Term: PUBLIC health; Subject Term: MATHEMATICAL optimization; Author-Supplied Keyword: Bioeconomy; Author-Supplied Keyword: Financial optimization; Author-Supplied Keyword: Logistics; Author-Supplied Keyword: Moral dilemma; Author-Supplied Keyword: Public health costs; NAICS/Industry Codes: 525120 Health and Welfare Funds; Number of Pages: 8p; Document Type: Article; Full Text Word Count: 3542
DOI10.1007/s11948-017-9925-z

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