Sugar Industry Science and Heart Disease

TitleSugar Industry Science and Heart Disease
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsKrimsky, S
JournalAccountability in Research: Policies & Quality Assurance
Volume24
Issue2
Pagination124 - 125
Date Published2017/03//
Publication Languageeng
ISBN Number08989621
KeywordsHeart , LUNGS , PUBLIC , SUGAR , TOBACCO
AbstractEarly warning signals of the coronary heart disease (CHD) risk of sugar (sucrose) emerged in the 1950s. We examined Sugar Research Foundation (SRF) internal documents, historical reports, and statements relevant to early debates about the dietary causes of CHD and assembled findings chronologically into a narrative case study. The SRF sponsored its first CHD research project in 1965, a literature review published in the New England Journal of Medicine, which singled out fat and cholesterol as the dietary causes of CHD and downplayed evidence that sucrose consumption was also a risk factor. The SRF set the review’s objective, contributed articles for inclusion, and received drafts. The SRF’s funding and role was not disclosed. Together with other recent analyses of sugar industry documents, our findings suggest the industry sponsored a research program in the 1960s and 1970s that successfully cast doubt about the hazards of sucrose while promoting fat as the dietary culprit in CHD. Policymaking committees should consider giving less weight to food industry–funded studies and include mechanistic and animal studies as well as studies appraising the effect of added sugars on multiple CHD biomarkers and disease development.
NotesAccession Number: 120156572; Krimsky, Sheldon 1; Affiliations: 1: Department of Urban and Environmental Policy and Planning, Tufts University, Medford, Massachusetts, USA; Issue Info: 2017, Vol. 24 Issue 2, p124; Thesaurus Term: SUGAR industry; Thesaurus Term: TOBACCO industry; Subject Term: HEART diseases; Subject Term: PUBLIC health; Subject Term: LUNGS -- Cancer; NAICS/Industry Codes: 525120 Health and Welfare Funds; NAICS/Industry Codes: 311314 Cane Sugar Manufacturing; NAICS/Industry Codes: 311310 Sugar manufacturing; NAICS/Industry Codes: 111910 Tobacco Farming; NAICS/Industry Codes: 453991 Tobacco Stores; NAICS/Industry Codes: 413310 Cigarette and tobacco product merchant wholesalers; NAICS/Industry Codes: 424940 Tobacco and Tobacco Product Merchant Wholesalers; NAICS/Industry Codes: 453999 All other miscellaneous store retailers (except beer and wine-making supplies stores); Number of Pages: 2p; Document Type: Article
DOI10.1001/jamainternmed.2016.5394
Short TitleAccountability in Research: Policies & Quality Assurance

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