Development and Validation of a Measurement to Assess College Students’ Reactions to Faculty Incivility

TitleDevelopment and Validation of a Measurement to Assess College Students’ Reactions to Faculty Incivility
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsItzkovich, iv, Y, Alt, D
JournalEthics & Behavior
Date Published2016
Publication Languageeng
ISBN Number10508422
Keywordsbehavior , CHI-squared , COLLEGE , CORRELATION , exit/voice/loyalty/neglect , experimental , FACTOR , Faculty , Higher , Israel , Mathematical , mix-methodology , Questionnaires , RELIGION , research , SCALE , STATISTICS , STUDENTS , TEACHER-student , theory
AbstractThis study was aimed at constructing and validating a measurement to assess students’ responses to faculty incivility (FI). A mixed-method approach was implemented. A qualitative method was used to analyze responses to FI as described by college students. The results foregrounded four categories—exit, voice, loyalty, andneglect—in line with the theoretical EVLN model for describing reactions to stressful conditions (such as, but not limited to, incivility). The students’ descriptions were formulated as short items. Following the qualitative results, a quantitative method was used to validate the developed EVLN questionnaire and to assess the relationships between student characteristic variables (mainly, religious affiliation), experiences of FI (active FI and passive FI), and the four EVLN responses. Data were gathered from 744 undergraduate college students, yet only those who experienced FI to some extent were selected to assess reactions to FI. According to the structural equation modeling results, FI was positively linked solely to theexitresponse. In addition, the findings indicated that merely the active FI subfactor was linked to theexitfactor. Interpretation of these results, their congruence within the context of the theoretical frameworks, limitations, and practical implications are discussed. 
NotesItzkovich, Yariv 1 Alt, Dorit 2; Affiliation: 1: Department of Management, Kinneret College on the Sea of Galilee 2: Department of Education and Community Studies, Kinneret College on the Sea of Galilee; Source Info: Nov-Dec2016, Vol. 26 Issue 8, p621; Subject Term: Behavior; Subject Term: Chi-squared test; Subject Term: Correlation (Statistics); Subject Term: Experimental design; Subject Term: Factor analysis; Subject Term: Mathematical models; Subject Term: Research -- Methodology; Subject Term: Questionnaires; Subject Term: Religion; Subject Term: Scale analysis (Psychology); Subject Term: Statistics; Subject Term: Students -- Attitudes; Subject Term: Teacher-student relationships; Subject Term: Theory; Subject Term: Research methodology evaluation; Subject Term: College teachers -- Moral & ethical aspects; Subject Term: Israel; Author-Supplied Keyword: exit/voice/loyalty/neglect (EVLN) model; Author-Supplied Keyword: faculty incivility; Author-Supplied Keyword: higher education; Author-Supplied Keyword: mix-methodology; Number of Pages: 17p; Illustrations: 3 Diagrams, 2 Charts; Document Type: Article