Coding Ethical Decision-Making in Research

TitleCoding Ethical Decision-Making in Research
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsHartmann, D, Valey, T, Fuqua, W
JournalScience & Engineering Ethics
Volume23
Issue1
Pagination121-146
Date Published2017
Publication Languageeng
ISBN Number13533452
KeywordsDECISION , HEURISTIC , protocol , RELIABILITY , research , Scientific , SCIENTOMETRICS , Validity
AbstractThis paper presents methods and challenges attendant on the use of protocol analysis to develop a model of heuristic processing applied to research ethics. Participants are exposed to ethically complex scenarios and asked to verbalize their thoughts as they formulate a requested decision. The model identifies functional parts of the decision-making task: interpretation, retrieval, judgment and editing and seeks to reliably code participant verbalizations to those tasks as well as to a set of cognitive tools generally useful in such work. Important difficulties in the reliability and external validity of measurement are evaluated and a small set of illustrative data is used in support of that discussion. Results indicate that both intuitive emotional but also more deliberative cognition is present which is consistent with work in related literatures in expertise and in neuropsychology. Finally, the theoretical and practical potential of the approach is elaborated, particularly through links to a framing in Aristotelian ethics. 
NotesHartmann, David 1; Email Address: david.hartmann@wmich.edu Valey, Thomas 1; Email Address: vanvaley@wmich.edu Fuqua, Wayne 1; Email Address: wayne.fuqua@wmich.edu; Affiliation: 1: Department of Sociology , Western Michigan University , Kalamazoo 49009 USA; Source Info: Feb2017, Vol. 23 Issue 1, p121; Subject Term: Decision making; Subject Term: Heuristic; Subject Term: Research teams; Subject Term: Scientific method; Subject Term: Scientometrics; Author-Supplied Keyword: Heuristic models; Author-Supplied Keyword: Protocol analysis; Author-Supplied Keyword: Reliability; Author-Supplied Keyword: Research ethics; Author-Supplied Keyword: Validity; Number of Pages: 26p; Document Type: Article
DOI10.1007/s11948-016-9756-3

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