National Human Research Ethics: A Preliminary Comparative Case Study of Germany, Great Britain, Romania, and Sweden

TitleNational Human Research Ethics: A Preliminary Comparative Case Study of Germany, Great Britain, Romania, and Sweden
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsGallagher, B, Berman, AH, Bieganski, J, Jones, AD, Foca, L, Raikes, B, Schiratzki, J, Urban, M, Ullman, S
JournalEthics & Behavior
Date Published2016
Publication Languageeng
ISBN Number10508422
Keywordsbehavior , comparative , Disclosure , ethical , GERMANY , GREAT , Informed , Institutional , international , INTERVIEWING , Medical , National , Parents , Pediatrics , PRISON , Privacy , PSYCHOSOCIAL , Questionnaires , research , ROMANIA , SWEDEN
AbstractAlthough international research is increasing in volume and importance, there remains a dearth of knowledge on similarities and differences in “national human research ethics” (NHREs), that is, national ethical guidelines (NEGs), Institutional Review Boards (IRBs), and research stakeholder’ ethical attitudes and behaviors (EABs). We begin to address this situation by reporting upon our experiences in conducting a multinational study into the mental health of children who had a parent/carer in prison. The study was conducted in 4 countries: Germany, Great Britain, Romania, and Sweden. Data on NHREs were gathered via a questionnaire survey, two ethics-related seminars, and ongoing contact between members of the research consortium. There was correspondence but even more so divergence between countries in the availability of NEGs and IRBs and in researcher’ EABs. Differences in NHREs have implications particularly in terms of harmonization but also for ethical philosophy and practice and for research integrity. 
NotesGallagher, Bernard 1 Berman, Anne H. 2 Bieganski, Justyna 3 Jones, Adele D. 4 Foca, Liliana 5 Raikes, Ben 6 Schiratzki, Johanna 7 Urban, Mirjam 8 Ullman, Sara 9; Affiliation: 1: Centre for Applied Childhood Studies, University of Huddersfield 2: Department of Clinical Neurosciences, Karolinska Institutet 3: Department of Pedagogy and Sociology, Treffpunkt e.V. 4: School of Human and Health Sciences, University of Huddersfield 5: Department of Psychology, Asociația Alternative Sociale 6: Division of Social Work, University of Huddersfield 7: Department of Social Sciences, Ersta Sköndal University College 8: Department of Medicine, Technische Universitaet Dresden 9: Department of Investigation, The Swedish Police; Source Info: Oct2016, Vol. 26 Issue 7, p586; Subject Term: Behavior; Subject Term: Comparative studies; Subject Term: Informed consent (Medical law); Subject Term: International relations; Subject Term: Interviewing; Subject Term: Medical cooperation; Subject Term: Medical ethics; Subject Term: Parents; Subject Term: Pediatrics; Subject Term: Prison psychology; Subject Term: Privacy; Subject Term: Questionnaires; Subject Term: Research; Subject Term: Research -- Moral & ethical aspects; Subject Term: Institutional review boards (Medicine); Subject Term: Disclosure; Subject Term: Psychosocial factors; Subject Term: Research personnel; Subject Term: Research subjects (Persons); Subject Term: Germany; Subject Term: Great Britain; Subject Term: Romania; Subject Term: Sweden; Author-Supplied Keyword: ethical attitudes; Author-Supplied Keyword: ethical behavior; Author-Supplied Keyword: ethical guidelines; Author-Supplied Keyword: Institutional Review Boards; Author-Supplied Keyword: national human research ethics; NAICS/Industry Codes: 928120 International Affairs; NAICS/Industry Codes: 911410 Foreign affairs; Number of Pages: 21p; Illustrations: 3 Charts; Document Type: Article