A Comparison of the Effects of Ethics Training on International and US Students

TitleA Comparison of the Effects of Ethics Training on International and US Students
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsSteele, L, Johnson, J, Watts, L, MacDougall, A, Mumford, M, Connelly, S, T. Williams, L
JournalScience & Engineering Ethics
Date Published2016
Publication Languageeng
ISBN Number13533452
KeywordsDECISION , ethical , ethics , falsification , Graduate , JUDGMENT , Moral , nationality , RCR , research
AbstractAs scientific and engineering efforts become increasingly global in nature, the need to understand differences in perceptions of research ethics issues across countries and cultures is imperative. However, investigations into the connection between nationality and ethical decision-making in the sciences have largely generated mixed results. In Study 1 of this paper, a measure of biases and compensatory strategies that could influence ethical decisions was administered. Results from this study indicated that graduate students from the United States and international graduate students studying in the US are prone to different biases. Based on these findings, recommendations are made for developing ethics education interventions to target these decision-making biases. In Study 2, we employed an ethics training intervention based on ethical sensemaking and used a well-established measure of ethical decision-making that more fully captures the content of ethical judgment. Similar to Study 1, the results obtained in this study suggest differences do exist between graduate students from the US and international graduate students in ethical decision-making prior to taking the research ethics training. However, similar effects were observed for both groups following the completion of the ethics training intervention. 
NotesSteele, Logan 1; Email Address: lmsteele@ou.edu Johnson, James 2; Email Address: jamesfjohn@gmail.com Watts, Logan 1; Email Address: logan.l.watts@ou.edu MacDougall, Alexandra 3; Email Address: macdo3ae@cmich.edu Mumford, Michael 1; Email Address: mmumford@ou.edu Connelly, Shane 1; Email Address: sconnelly@ou.edu Lee Williams, T. 4; Email Address: lwilliams@ou.edu; Affiliation: 1: Department of Psychology, Center for Applied Social Research , University of Oklahoma , 5 Partners Place, 201 Stephenson Pkwy, Suite 4100 Norman 73072 USA 2: Strategic Research and Assessment Branch , United States Air Force , Norman USA 3: Department of Management, College of Business Administration , Central Michigan University , 200 Smith Hall Mount Pleasant 48859 USA 4: Graduate College , University of Oklahoma , Robertson Hall, 731 Elm Ave. Norman 73019 USA; Source Info: Aug2016, Vol. 22 Issue 4, p1217; Subject Term: RESEARCH -- Moral & ethical aspects; Subject Term: DECISION making; Subject Term: GRADUATE students -- United States; Subject Term: FALSIFICATION of data; Subject Term: JUDGMENT (Ethics); Author-Supplied Keyword: Ethical decision-making; Author-Supplied Keyword: Ethics training; Author-Supplied Keyword: Moral judgment; Author-Supplied Keyword: Nationality; Author-Supplied Keyword: RCR; Number of Pages: 28p; Document Type: Article