Experiments: Why and How?

TitleExperiments: Why and How?
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsHansson, S
JournalScience & Engineering Ethics
Volume22
Issue3
Pagination613-632
Date Published2016
Publication Languageeng
ISBN Number13533452
KeywordsAction-guiding , bias , Blinding , experiment , experiments , Observation , randomization , Technological , technology , theory
AbstractAn experiment, in the standard scientific sense of the term, is a procedure in which some object of study is subjected to interventions (manipulations) that aim at obtaining a predictable outcome or at least predictable aspects of the outcome. The distinction between an experiment and a non-experimental observation is important since they are tailored to different epistemic needs. Experimentation has its origin in pre-scientific technological experiments that were undertaken in order to find the best technological means to achieve chosen ends. Important parts of the methodological arsenal of modern experimental science can be traced back to this pre-scientific, technological tradition. It is claimed that experimentation involves a unique combination of acting and observing, a combination whose unique epistemological properties have not yet been fully clarified. 
NotesHansson, Sven 1; Email Address: soh@kth.se; Affiliation: 1: Department of Philosophy and History, Royal Institute of Technology (KTH), Brinellvägen 32 100 44 Stockholm Sweden; Source Info: Jun2016, Vol. 22 Issue 3, p613; Subject Term: EXPERIMENTS; Subject Term: RANDOMIZATION (Statistics); Subject Term: TECHNOLOGY; Subject Term: TECHNOLOGICAL innovations; Subject Term: THEORY of knowledge; Author-Supplied Keyword: Action-guiding; Author-Supplied Keyword: Bias; Author-Supplied Keyword: Blinding; Author-Supplied Keyword: Experiment; Author-Supplied Keyword: Observation; Author-Supplied Keyword: Randomization; Number of Pages: 20p; Document Type: Article
DOI10.1007/s11948-015-9635-3

Discipline: 

Subject: