Disclosing Academic Dishonesty: Perspectives From Nigerian and New Zealand Health Professional Students

TitleDisclosing Academic Dishonesty: Perspectives From Nigerian and New Zealand Health Professional Students
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsOkoroafor, AUkachukwu, Henning, MA, Chibuike, OMichael, Rajput, V
JournalEthics & Behavior
Date Published2016
Publication Languageeng
ISBN Number10508422
KeywordsAcademic , CHEATING , CHI-squared , COLLEGE , CORRELATION , Culture , Data , descriptive , HEALTH , LOGISTIC , New , NIGERIA , PSYCHOLOGY , Questionnaires , SCALE , STATISTICS , University
AbstractFew cross-national studies have been conducted on academic dishonesty. The aim of this study was to explore students’ disclosed levels of academic dishonesty between New Zealand and Nigeria. The measures obtained included incidence, acceptability, and justification of dishonest action. It was hypothesized that there would be differences between the two groups and that differences could be explained in terms of deontology, cultural relativism, utilitarianism, rational fair exchange, and/or response bias. There were 844 medical and health science students who participated in the study and completed a questionnaire that explored incidence, acceptability, and justification of dishonest action. A binary logistic regression revealed that age and incidence were significant predictors of country allocation. Nigerian students reported more engagement in dishonest behaviors, and it is argued that these students have diverse cultural expectations, language variances, response strategies, norms, beliefs, and values. Educational interventions are essential to address concerns related to academic dishonesty such as promoting cross-cultural discourse, providing study skills programs, utilizing peer mentoring, creating formal exchange strategies, and endorsing honor codes.
NotesOkoroafor, Abaraogu Ukachukwu 1 Henning, Marcus A. 2 Chibuike, Okpara Michael 1 Rajput, Vijay 3; Affiliation: 1: Department of Medical Rehabilitation, University of Nigeria Enugu 2: Centre for Medical and Health Sciences Education, University of Auckland 3: Department of Medicine, Ross University School of Medicine; Source Info: Jul2016, Vol. 26 Issue 5, p431; Subject Term: CHEATING (Education); Subject Term: CHI-squared test; Subject Term: COLLEGE students; Subject Term: CORRELATION (Statistics); Subject Term: CULTURE; Subject Term: QUESTIONNAIRES; Subject Term: SCALE analysis (Psychology); Subject Term: STATISTICS; Subject Term: LOGISTIC regression analysis; Subject Term: DATA analysis; Subject Term: HEALTH occupations students; Subject Term: PSYCHOLOGY; Subject Term: DESCRIPTIVE statistics; Subject Term: NEW Zealand; Subject Term: NIGERIA; Author-Supplied Keyword: academic honesty; Author-Supplied Keyword: health sciences; Author-Supplied Keyword: New Zealand; Author-Supplied Keyword: Nigeria; Author-Supplied Keyword: university students; Number of Pages: 17p; Illustrations: 4 Charts; Document Type: Article