The Moral Metacognition Scale: Development and Validation

TitleThe Moral Metacognition Scale: Development and Validation
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsMcMahon, JM, Good, DJ
JournalEthics & Behavior
Date Published2016
Publication Languageeng
ISBN Number10508422
KeywordsCHI-squared , COGNITIVE , COLLEGE , Data , DECISION , ethical , ethics , experimental , FACTOR , Mathematical , METACOGNITION , Moral , multiple , PSYCHOMETRICS , Questionnaires , research , SCALE , T-test , theory
AbstractScholars have advocated for the inclusion of metacognition (i.e., the extent to which one thinks about one’s thinking) in our understanding of the ethical decision making process and in support of moral learning. An instrument to measure metacognition as a domain-specific capacity related to ethical decision making (i.e. moral metacognition) is not found in the current literature. This research describes the development and validation of the 20-item Moral Metacognition Scale (MMS). Psychometric properties of the scale were assessed by exploration (Study 1) and confirmation (Study 2) of the factor structure, and the demonstration of convergent (Studies 3 and 4), discriminant (Studies 3 and 4), and predictive (Study 4) validity. Moral metacognition, as measured by the MMS, was significantly correlated with ethical awareness and ethical judgment. Limitations of our research, suggestions for future exploration, and practical implications are discussed. [ABSTRACT FROM PUBLISHER]Copyright of Ethics & Behavior is the property of Taylor & Francis Ltd and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract. (Copyright applies to all Abstracts.)
NotesMcMahon, Joan M. 1 Good, Darren J. 2; Affiliation: 1: Joseph W. Luter III Luter School of Business, Christopher Newport University 2: Graziadio School of Business and Management, Pepperdine University; Source Info: Jul2016, Vol. 26 Issue 5, p357; Subject Term: CHI-squared test; Subject Term: COGNITIVE testing; Subject Term: COLLEGE students; Subject Term: ETHICS; Subject Term: EXPERIMENTAL design; Subject Term: FACTOR analysis; Subject Term: MATHEMATICAL models; Subject Term: RESEARCH -- Methodology; Subject Term: PSYCHOMETRICS; Subject Term: QUESTIONNAIRES; Subject Term: RESEARCH -- Evaluation; Subject Term: SCALE analysis (Psychology); Subject Term: T-test (Statistics); Subject Term: DECISION making -- Moral & ethical aspects; Subject Term: THEORY; Subject Term: MULTIPLE regression analysis; Subject Term: RESEARCH methodology evaluation; Subject Term: DATA analysis -- Software; Author-Supplied Keyword: ethical decision making; Author-Supplied Keyword: ethics; Author-Supplied Keyword: metacognition; Author-Supplied Keyword: moral metacognition; Number of Pages: 38p; Illustrations: 1 Diagram, 9 Charts; Document Type: Article