Professional Decision-Making in Research (PDR): The Validity of a New Measure

TitleProfessional Decision-Making in Research (PDR): The Validity of a New Measure
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsDuBois, J, Chibnall, J, Tait, R, Wal, JVander, Baldwin, K, Antes, A, Mumford, M
JournalScience & Engineering Ethics
Volume22
Issue2
Pagination391-416
Date Published2016
Publication Languageeng
ISBN Number13533452
KeywordsAssessment , Attitudes , DECISION , educational , EMPIRICAL , Measurement , PROFESSIONALISM , research , Responsible
AbstractIn this paper, we report on the development and validity of the Professional Decision-Making in Research (PDR) measure, a vignette-based test that examines decision-making strategies used by investigators when confronted with challenging situations in the context of empirical research. The PDR was administered online with a battery of validity measures to a group of NIH-funded researchers and research trainees who were diverse in terms of age, years of experience, types of research, and race. The PDR demonstrated adequate reliability (alpha = .84) and parallel form correlation (r = .70). As hypothesized, the PDR was significantly negatively correlated with narcissism, cynicism, moral disengagement, and compliance disengagement; it was not correlated with socially desirable responding. In regression analysis, the strongest predictors of higher PDR scores were low compliance disengagement, speaking English as a native language, conducting clinical research with human subjects, and low levels of narcissism. Given that the PDR was written at an eighth grade reading level to be suitable for use with English as a second language participants and that only one-fourth of items focused on clinical research, further research into the possible roles of culture and research ethics training across specialties is warranted. This initial validity study demonstrates the potential usefulness of the PDR as an educational outcome assessment measure and a research instrument for studies on professionalism and integrity in research.
NotesDuBois, James 1; Email Address: jdubois@wustl.edu Chibnall, John Tait, Raymond 2 Vander Wal, Jillon 3 Baldwin, Kari 1 Antes, Alison 1 Mumford, Michael 4; Affiliation: 1: Division of General Medical Sciences, Washington University School of Medicine, 4523 Clayton Avenue St. Louis 63110 USA 2: Department of Neurology and Psychiatry, Saint Louis University School of Medicine, Monteleone Hall, 1438 S. Grand Boulevard St. Louis 63104 USA 3: Department of Psychology, Saint Louis University, 3700 Lindell Boulevard, Morrissey Hall St. Louis 63108 USA 4: Department of Psychology, University of Oklahoma, 455 W. Lindsey Street, Dale Hall Tower Norman 73019 USA; Source Info: Apr2016, Vol. 22 Issue 2, p391; Subject Term: DECISION making; Subject Term: EMPIRICAL research; Subject Term: RESEARCH -- Moral & ethical aspects; Subject Term: PROFESSIONALISM; Subject Term: ATTITUDES toward work; Author-Supplied Keyword: Assessment; Author-Supplied Keyword: Educational; Author-Supplied Keyword: Measurement; Author-Supplied Keyword: Professionalism; Author-Supplied Keyword: Research ethics; Author-Supplied Keyword: Research integrity; Author-Supplied Keyword: Responsible conduct of research; Number of Pages: 26p; Document Type: Article
DOI10.1007/s11948-015-9667-8

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