Technical and Professional Skills of Engineers Involved and Not Involved in Engineering Service

TitleTechnical and Professional Skills of Engineers Involved and Not Involved in Engineering Service
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsLitchfield, K, Javernick-Will, A, Maul, A
JournalJournal of Engineering Education
Volume105
Issue1
Pagination70-92
Date Published2016
Publication Languageeng
ISBN Number10694730
KeywordsENGINEERING , ENGINEERS , EXPERIENTIAL , professional , service
AbstractBackground Engineers must acquire increasing technical and professional skills to meet pressing global challenges, but fitting training for these skills into already crowded curricula is difficult. Engineering service may provide opportunities to gain such skills; however, prior research about learning outcomes from such activities has been primarily small-scale, anecdotal, or lacking a comparison group. Purpose/Hypothesis We aim to understand whether self-reported learning outcomes differ between engineers involved and not involved with engineering service activities. Specifically, do the two groups experience and learn different technical and professional skills in their engineering activities? Design/Method We used a sequential mixed methods approach that began with interviews and focus groups with 165 participants and continued with a questionnaire administered to over 2,500 engineering students and practicing engineers both involved and not involved with engineering service. Analyses included variable-oriented qualitative analysis and multiple linear regression models to compare perceived technical and professional skills. Results Quantitative results show that engineers involved and not involved with engineering service report comparable perceived technical skills, and that those involved in engineering service report significantly higher perceived professional skills, even when controlling for age, gender, and grade point average. Qualitative results indicate that higher professional skills can be partially attributed to the realistic, complex, and contextualized learning experiences within engineering service activities. Conclusions Engineers involved with engineering service may gain strong professional engineering skills that do not compromise their technical skills. Thus, engineering service may help educate the type of engineers the field needs to confront pressing global challenges. 
NotesLitchfield, Kaitlin 1 Javernick-Will, Amy 1 Maul, Andrew 2; Affiliation: 1: University of Colorado 2: University of California; Source Info: Jan2016, Vol. 105 Issue 1, p70; Subject Term: EXPERIENTIAL learning -- Research; Subject Term: ENGINEERS; Subject Term: SERVICE learning; Subject Term: ENGINEERING services; Subject Term: ENGINEERING students; Author-Supplied Keyword: experiential learning; Author-Supplied Keyword: professional skills; Author-Supplied Keyword: service learning; NAICS/Industry Codes: 541330 Engineering Services; Number of Pages: 23p; Document Type: Article
DOI10.1002/jee.20109

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