THE MORAL PERMISSIBILITY OF AUTOMATED RESPONSES DURING CYBERWARFARE

TitleTHE MORAL PERMISSIBILITY OF AUTOMATED RESPONSES DURING CYBERWARFARE
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsDanks, D, Danks, JH
JournalJournal of Military Ethics
Volume12
Pagination18-33
Date Published2013
Publication Languageeng
ISBN Number15027570
KeywordsATTRIBUTION , Automated , chain , cyber-defense , cyber-exploitation , CYBERTERRORISM , cyberwarfare , information , MILITARY , Moral , projection , War
AbstractAutomated responses are an inevitable aspect of cyberwarfare, but there has not been a systematic treatment of the conditions in which they are morally permissible. We argue that there are three substantial barriers to the moral permissibility of an automated response: the attribution, chain reaction, and projection bias problems. Moreover, these three challenges together provide a set of operational tests that can be used to assess the moral permissibility of a particular automated response in a specific situation. Defensive automated responses will almost always pass all three challenges, while offensive automated responses typically face a substantial positive burden in order to overcome the chain reaction and projection bias challenges. Perhaps the most interesting cases arise in the middle ground between cyber-offense and cyber-defense, such as automated cyber-exploitation responses. In those situations, much depends on the finer details of the response, the context, and the adversary. Importantly, however, the operationalizations of the three challenges provide a clear guide for decision-makers to assess the moral permissibility of automated responses that could potentially be implemented. 
NotesDanks, David 1,2; Email Address: ddanks@cmu.edu Danks, Joseph H. 3; Email Address: jdanks@casl.umd.edu; Affiliation: 1: Department of Philosophy , Carnegie Mellon University , Pittsburgh , PA , United States 2: Institute for Human & Machine Cognition , Pensacola , FL , United States 3: Center for Advanced Study of Language , University of Maryland , College Park , MD , United States; Source Info: Apr2013, Vol. 12 Issue 1, p18; Subject Term: INFORMATION warfare; Subject Term: CYBERTERRORISM; Subject Term: WAR & ethics; Subject Term: MILITARY art & science; Subject Term: MILITARY electronics; Author-Supplied Keyword: attribution problem; Author-Supplied Keyword: Automated responses; Author-Supplied Keyword: chain reactions; Author-Supplied Keyword: cyber-defense; Author-Supplied Keyword: cyber-exploitation; Author-Supplied Keyword: cyberwarfare; Author-Supplied Keyword: moral permissibility; Author-Supplied Keyword: projection bias; Number of Pages: 16p; Document Type: Article
DOI10.1080/15027570.2013.782637

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