How did the fracking controversy emerge in the period 2010-2012?

TitleHow did the fracking controversy emerge in the period 2010-2012?
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsMazur, A
JournalPublic Understanding of Science
Date PublishedFebruary 1, 2016
Publication Languageeng
AbstractIn 2010-2012, the controversy over fracking grew rapidly, first in the United States, and then internationally. An important step was the anti-fracking documentary film Gasland. With help from celebrity sources, the film was produced and won a prize at the Sundance Film Festival by early 2010 and had an Oscar nomination by early 2011, in the meantime popularizing potent images of hazard including tainted aquifers and ignitable water running from kitchen faucets. During this period, major US news organizations paid little attention to the issue. The offshore Deepwater Horizon disaster of April 2010 spurred The New York Times to prolific reporting on potential risks of the new onshore technique for extracting shale gas. With flagship news coverage, the controversy had by 2012 gained wide media attention that evoked public concern and opposition, spreading from the United States to other nations.