Metaphors and Diaphors in Science Communication: Mapping the Case of Stem Cell Research

TitleMetaphors and Diaphors in Science Communication: Mapping the Case of Stem Cell Research
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2005
AuthorsLeydesdorff, L, Hellsten, I
JournalScience Communication
Volume27
Issue1
Pagination64-99
Date Published2005
Publication Languageeng
ISBN Number15528545
KeywordsBone , co-words , codification , DIAPHORESIS , ELOCUTION , mapping , Medical , METAPHOR , SEMANTICS , STEM , translation
Abstract"Stem cell research" has become a subject of political discussion in recent years because of its social and ethical implications. The intellectual research program, however has a history of several decades. Therapeutic applications and patents on the basis of stem cell research became available during the 1990s. Currently, the main applications of stem cell research are found in marrow transplantation (e.g. for the treatment of leukemia). In this study, the various meanings of the term stem cell are examined in these different contexts of research, applications, and policy debates. Translation mechanisms between contexts are specified, and a quantitative indicator for the degree of codification is proposed. 
NotesLeydesdorff, Loet 1; Email Address: let@leydesdorff.net Hellsten, Iina 2; Affiliation: 1: University of Amsterdam. 2: Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences.; Source Info: Sep2005, Vol. 27 Issue 1, p64; Subject Term: STEM cells; Subject Term: METAPHOR; Subject Term: DIAPHORESIS & diaphoretics; Subject Term: MEDICAL research; Subject Term: ELOCUTION; Subject Term: BONE marrow -- Transplantation; Author-Supplied Keyword: co-words; Author-Supplied Keyword: codification; Author-Supplied Keyword: mapping; Author-Supplied Keyword: metaphor; Author-Supplied Keyword: semantics; Author-Supplied Keyword: translation; NAICS/Industry Codes: 541712 Research and Development in the Physical, Engineering, and Life Sciences (except Biotechnology); Number of Pages: 36p; Document Type: Article
DOI10.1177/1075547005278346

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