How Social Networks Affect Scientific Performance: Evidence from a National Survey of Chinese Scientists

TitleHow Social Networks Affect Scientific Performance: Evidence from a National Survey of Chinese Scientists
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsHong, W, Zhao, Y
JournalScience, Technology & Human Values
Volume41
Issue2
Pagination243-273
Date PublishedMarch 1, 2016
Publication Languageeng
AbstractBased on a national survey of Chinese scientific personnel in 2008, this paper sheds new light on the relationship between social networks and scientific performance. In this study, we used position generator to measure scientists’ ego-centered social networks. The scientists’ performance was measured by multiple indexes, including recognitions from the academic (papers), governmental (awards), and market (patents) sectors. The findings show that size and composition of scientists’ social networks have significant effect on their scientific performance. The notions of “information communication mechanism” and “resource acquisition mechanism” are introduced to explain how network composition affects scientific performance along multiple dimensions. The policy implications of the study are also discussed.
URLhttp://sth.sagepub.com/cgi/content/abstract/41/2/243
DOI10.1177/0162243915592020

Discipline: 

Subject: 

Publication: