The Grammar of Power: The Problem of Moral Objectification in Human Research

TitleThe Grammar of Power: The Problem of Moral Objectification in Human Research
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2012
AuthorsWarren, RC, Gabriele, EF
JournalJournal of Research Administration
Volume43
Issue2
Pagination94-106
Date PublishedFall2012
Publication Languageeng
ISBN Number15391590
Keywordsethics , Human , Integrity , Moral , Pediatrics , PUBLIC , research
AbstractDuring the course of the last century, a number of historical instances of unethical human research have occurred, and risen to the forefront of the social imagination. The atrocities of the European and Pacific Holocausts, the tragic 1932-1972 United States Public Health Service Syphilis Studies at Tuskegee, concomitant with the 1946-48 unethical public health human research in Guatemala loom large. These high profile instances join with the Cold War pediatric experiments and other cases to draw the attention of culture to clear patterns of serious ethical deficiencies and regulatory non-compliance. The facts surrounding these historical events highlight the serious danger of moral objectification of human subjects in research. These cases carve in high relief the absolute necessity of one of the most critical areas of research administrator service, namely the ethical oversight of research involving human subjects. This article will explore the contemporary national concern over human subject protections, provide a brief synopsis of illustratrative problematic cases, proceed to a reflection from a philosophical perspective upon the problem of moral objectification, and then further define the role research administrators should assume in assisting their institutions to learn a new grammar of service, namely an ethical "language" and perspective that transcends an all too elementary sense of regulatory compliance. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]Copyright of Journal of Research Administration is the property of Society of Research Administrators and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract. (Copyright applies to all Abstracts.)
NotesWarren, Rueben C. 1; Email Address: warrenr@mytu.tuskegee.edu; Gabriele, Edward F. 2,3; Email Address: efgabriele@comcast.net; Affiliations: 1: Professor & Director National Center for Bioethics in Research and Health Care Tuskegee University John A. Kenney Hall 44-107 Tuskegee, AL 36088; 2: Distinguished Professor, Graduate School of Nursing Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences Bethesda, Maryland; 3: Professor of Clinician Education, Georgetown University Medical Center Washington, DC; Issue Info: Fall2012, Vol. 43 Issue 2, p94; Subject Term: HUMAN experimentation; Subject Term: PUBLIC health; Subject Term: PEDIATRICS; Subject Term: INTEGRITY; Subject Term: ETHICS; Author-Supplied Keyword: ethics; Author-Supplied Keyword: human research; Author-Supplied Keyword: integrity; Author-Supplied Keyword: moral objectification; Author-Supplied Keyword: research protections; NAICS/Industry Codes: 525120 Health and Welfare Funds; Number of Pages: 13p; Document Type: Article

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