Reporting Race and Ethnicity in Genetics Research: Do Journal Recommendations or Resources Matter?

TitleReporting Race and Ethnicity in Genetics Research: Do Journal Recommendations or Resources Matter?
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2015
AuthorsSankar, P, Cho, M, Monahan, K, Nowak, K
JournalScience & Engineering Ethics
Date Published2015
Publication Languageeng
ISBN Number13533452
KeywordsCOMPLIANCE , ETHNICITY , Genetic , GENETICS , journals , Periodicals , PUBLICATIONS , RACE , RACISM , Terminology
AbstractAppeals to scrutinize the use of race and ethnicity as variables in genetics research notwithstanding, these variables continue to be inadequately explained and inconsistently used in research publications. In previous research, we found that published genetic research fails to follow suggestions offered for addressing this problem, such as explaining the basis on which these labels are assigned to populations. This study, an analysis of genetic research articles using race or ethnicity terms, explores possible features of journals that are associated with improved reporting of race and ethnicity in genetic research. A journal's expressed commitment to improving how race and ethnicity are used in genetic research, demonstrated by an editorial or in its instructions to authors, was the strongest predictor of following recommendations about reporting race and ethnicity. Journal impact factor had only a limited positive effect on attention to these issues, suggesting that editorial resources associated with higher impact factor journals are not sufficient to improve practices. Our findings reiterate that race and ethnicity variables are used inconsistently in genetic research, but also shed light on how journals might improve practices by highlighting the need for scientists to carefully scrutinize the use of these variables in their work. 
NotesSankar, Pamela 1; Email Address: Cho, Mildred 2; Email Address: Monahan, Keri 1; Email Address: Nowak, Kamila 3; Email Address:; Affiliation: 1: Department of Medical Ethics and Health Policy, University of Pennsylvania, 3401 Market Street, Suite 320 Philadelphia 19104 USA 2: Stanford Center for Biomedical Ethics, Stanford University, 1215 Welch Road, Modular A Stanford 94305-5417 USA 3: Jefferson Medical College, 1025 Walnut Street Philadelphia 19107 USA; Source Info: Oct2015, Vol. 21 Issue 5, p1353; Subject Term: ETHNICITY; Subject Term: RACISM; Subject Term: GENETIC research; Subject Term: PUBLICATIONS; Subject Term: PERIODICALS; Author-Supplied Keyword: Compliance; Author-Supplied Keyword: Ethnicity; Author-Supplied Keyword: Genetics research; Author-Supplied Keyword: Journals; Author-Supplied Keyword: Race; Author-Supplied Keyword: Terminology; NAICS/Industry Codes: 541710 Research and development in the physical, engineering and life sciences; NAICS/Industry Codes: 424920 Book, Periodical, and Newspaper Merchant Wholesalers; NAICS/Industry Codes: 451212 News Dealers and Newsstands; NAICS/Industry Codes: 414420 Book, periodical and newspaper merchant wholesalers; NAICS/Industry Codes: 323119 Other printing; NAICS/Industry Codes: 451310 Book stores and news dealers; Number of Pages: 14p; Document Type: Article