Scientists Admitting to Plagiarism: A Meta-analysis of Surveys

TitleScientists Admitting to Plagiarism: A Meta-analysis of Surveys
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2015
AuthorsPupovac, V, Fanelli, D
JournalScience & Engineering Ethics
Volume21
Issue5
Pagination1331-1352
Date Published2015
Publication Languageeng
ISBN Number13533452
KeywordsData , falsification , Periodicals , plagiarism , research , SCIENTISTS , Survey
AbstractWe conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of anonymous surveys asking scientists whether they ever committed various forms of plagiarism. From May to December 2011 we searched 35 bibliographic databases, five grey literature databases and hand searched nine journals for potentially relevant studies.  Despite several limitations of the data and of this meta-analysis, we draw three robust conclusions: (1) The rate at which scientists report knowing a colleague who committed plagiarism is higher than for data fabrication and falsification; (2) The rate at which scientists report knowing a colleague who committed plagiarism is correlated to that of fabrication and falsification; (3) The rate at which scientists admit having committed either form of misconduct (i.e. fabrication, falsification and plagiarism) in surveys has declined over time. 
NotesPupovac, Vanja 1; Email Address: vanja.pupovac@uniri.hr Fanelli, Daniele 2; Email Address: email@danielefanelli.com; Affiliation: 1: Department of Medical informatics, School of Medicine, University of Rijeka, Brace Branchetta 20 51000 Rijeka Croatia 2: EBSI - École de Bibliothéconomie et des Sciences de l'information, Université de Montréal, room c-2004, Pavillon Lionel-Groulx, 3150 rue Jean-Brillant Montréal H3C 3J7 Canada; Source Info: Oct2015, Vol. 21 Issue 5, p1331; Subject Term: PLAGIARISM; Subject Term: SCIENTISTS; Subject Term: FALSIFICATION of data; Subject Term: PERIODICALS; Subject Term: RESEARCH; Author-Supplied Keyword: Data fabrication; Author-Supplied Keyword: Data falsification; Author-Supplied Keyword: Plagiarism; Author-Supplied Keyword: Research integrity; Author-Supplied Keyword: Research misconduct; Author-Supplied Keyword: Survey methodology; NAICS/Industry Codes: 323119 Other printing; NAICS/Industry Codes: 414420 Book, periodical and newspaper merchant wholesalers; NAICS/Industry Codes: 424920 Book, Periodical, and Newspaper Merchant Wholesalers; NAICS/Industry Codes: 451212 News Dealers and Newsstands; NAICS/Industry Codes: 451310 Book stores and news dealers; Number of Pages: 22p; Document Type: Article
DOI10.1007/s11948-014-9600-6

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