Victor Frankenstein's Institutional Review Board Proposal, 1790

TitleVictor Frankenstein's Institutional Review Board Proposal, 1790
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2015
AuthorsHarrison, G, Gannon, W
JournalScience & Engineering Ethics
Volume21
Issue5
Pagination1139-1157
Date Published2015
Publication Languageeng
ISBN Number13533452
Keywords1797-1851 , Belmont , FRANKENSTEIN , history , Human , Institutional , IRB , KREMPE , M. , Mary , research , SHELLEY , Victor
AbstractTo show how the case of Mary Shelley's Victor Frankenstein brings light to the ethical and moral issues raised in Institutional Review Board (IRB) protocols, we nest an imaginary IRB proposal dated August 1790 by Victor Frankenstein within a discussion of the importance and function of the IRB. Considering the world of science as would have appeared in 1790 when Victor was a student at Ingolstadt, we offer a schematic overview of a fecund moment when advances in comparative anatomy, medical experimentation and theories of life involving animalcules and animal electricity sparked intensive debates about the basic principles of life and the relationship between body and soul. Constructing an IRB application based upon myriad speculations circulating up to 1790, we imagine how Victor would have drawn upon his contemporaries' scientific work to justify the feasibility of his project, as well as how he might have outlined the ethical implications of his plan to animate life from 'dead' tissues. In Mary Shelley's Frankenstein, Victor failed to consider his creature's autonomy, vulnerability, and welfare. In this IRB proposal, we show Victor facing those issues of justice and emphasize how the novel can be an important component in courses or workshops on research ethics.
NotesHarrison, Gary 1 Gannon, William 2; Email Address: wgannon@unm.edu; Affiliation: 1: Department of English, MSC03 2170, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque 87131 USA 2: Graduate Studies, Department of Philosophy and Department of Biology, MSC03 2180, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque 87131 USA; Source Info: Oct2015, Vol. 21 Issue 5, p1139; Subject Term: INSTITUTIONAL review boards (Medicine); Subject Term: FRANKENSTEIN, Victor (Fictitious character); Subject Term: RESEARCH -- Moral & ethical aspects; Subject Term: HUMAN experimentation; Author-Supplied Keyword: Belmont report; Author-Supplied Keyword: Frankenstein; Author-Supplied Keyword: History of science; Author-Supplied Keyword: Human ambition; Author-Supplied Keyword: Human subject protections; Author-Supplied Keyword: IRB; Author-Supplied Keyword: Mary shelley; Author-Supplied Keyword: Research ethics; People: SHELLEY, Mary Wollstonecraft, 1797-1851; People: KREMPE, M.; Number of Pages: 19p; Document Type: Article
DOI10.1007/s11948-014-9588-y

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