Sexual Orientation and Human Rights in the Ethics Code of the Psychology and Counseling Organization of the Islamic Republic of Iran (PCOIRI)

TitleSexual Orientation and Human Rights in the Ethics Code of the Psychology and Counseling Organization of the Islamic Republic of Iran (PCOIRI)
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsYadegarfard, M, Bahramabadian, F
JournalEthics & Behavior
Volume24
Issue5
Pagination350-363
Date Published2014
Publication Languageeng
ISBN Number10508422
KeywordsCOUNSELING , cultural , descriptive , etc. , gender , Human , IRAN , Law , Legislation , professional , PSYCHOLOGY , RELIGION , Sex , Sexual , societies , western
AbstractThe aim of this study is to investigate the necessity of revising the Ethics Code of the Psychology and Counseling Organization of the Islamic Republic of Iran (PCOIRI) with respect to people’s rights and dignity and to avoid unfair discriminations toward sexual orientation and gender identity. It is said that confused diagnoses; wrong decision making; unethical practice; and the subsequent harm caused to lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender clients result from the lack of a clear code and relevant guidelines. In addition, certain conditions in Iran (such as religious perspectives, laws, cultural biases, misunderstandings, a lack of local academic and scientific resources, and Western conspiracy theories) lead professional psychologists and researchers to avoid researching sexual minorities and gender identity, which negatively impacts the Ethics Code of the PCOIRI. Iranian and Western researchers have identified four primary sources to which psychologists and counselors can refer when faced with ethical dilemmas: developmental psychology, professional ethics codes, philosophy of psychology literature, and available researches and compilations on professional ethics. 
NotesYadegarfard, Mohammadrasool 1 Bahramabadian, Fatemeh 2; Affiliation: 1: Department of Psychology, University of Bedfordshire 2: Graduate School of Counselling Psychology, Assumption University; Source Info: Sep2014, Vol. 24 Issue 5, p350; Subject Term: COUNSELING; Subject Term: HUMAN rights -- Psychological aspects; Subject Term: GENDER identity; Subject Term: LEGISLATION; Subject Term: PROFESSIONAL ethics; Subject Term: PSYCHOLOGY & religion; Subject Term: HUMAN sexuality; Subject Term: SEX discrimination; Subject Term: CULTURAL prejudices; Subject Term: DESCRIPTIVE statistics; Subject Term: SOCIETIES, etc.; Subject Term: IRAN; Author-Supplied Keyword: cultural biases; Author-Supplied Keyword: law; Author-Supplied Keyword: Psychology and Counseling Organization of I. R. Iran’s (PCOIRI) ethics code; Author-Supplied Keyword: religion; Author-Supplied Keyword: sexual orientation and gender identity; Author-Supplied Keyword: Western conspiracy; NAICS/Industry Codes: 624190 Other Individual and Family Services; Number of Pages: 14p; Document Type: Article
DOI10.1080/10508422.2013.845733

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