Earthquake Building Overseas: Military Engineers, Cyclonic-Seismic Affinity and the Spanish Dominion in the Philippines, 1860–1898

TitleEarthquake Building Overseas: Military Engineers, Cyclonic-Seismic Affinity and the Spanish Dominion in the Philippines, 1860–1898
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsAnduaga, A
JournalEngineering Studies
Volume6
Pagination1-22
Date Published2014/01/02
Publication Languageeng
ISBN Number1937-8629
AbstractBetween the 1860s and the 1890s, Spanish military engineers assigned to the Philippines carried out important advances in earthquake-resistant construction. Within the context of military campaigns against Moro rebels in Mindanao and other islands, engineers like Rafael Cerero and Manuel Cortés sought anti-seismic solutions in rational mechanics. By 1880, the Philippines had become a benchmark: the Spanish colony had one of the earliest established regulations in the world for earthquake construction. This story sheds new light for a revision of the history of early earthquake engineering; i.e., an approach and achievements based on military expertise, rather than on experimental science or civil engineering. This revision also includes the innovative role played by these engineers in studying simultaneously from the perspective of a unity of action ? the effects of earthquakes and cyclones on the stability of buildings.
URLhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1080/19378629.2014.903491
DOI10.1080/19378629.2014.903491

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