Understanding Research Misconduct: A Comparative Analysis of 120 Cases of Professional Wrongdoing

TitleUnderstanding Research Misconduct: A Comparative Analysis of 120 Cases of Professional Wrongdoing
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsDuBois, JM, Anderson, EE, Chibnall, J, Carroll, K, Gibb, T, Ogbuka, C, Rubbelke, T
JournalAccountability in Research
Volume20
Issue5-6
Pagination320 - 338
Date Published09/2013
ISSN Number1545-5815
KeywordsMEDICINE , Misconduct , Scientific
AbstractWe analyzed 40 cases of falsification, fabrication, or plagiarism (FFP), comparing them to other types of wrongdoing in research (n = 40) and medicine (n = 40). Fifty-one variables were coded from an average of 29 news or investigative reports per case. Financial incentives, oversight failures, and seniority correlate significantly with more serious instances of FFP. However, most environmental variables were nearly absent from cases of FFP and none were more strongly present in cases of FFP than in other types of wrongdoing. Qualitative data suggest FFP involves thinking errors, poor coping with research pressures, and inadequate oversight. We offer recommendations for education, institutional investigations, policy, and further research.
DOI10.1080/08989621.2013.822248
Short TitleAccountability in Research
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