Ensuring PhD Development of Responsible Conduct of Research Behaviors: Who’s Responsible?

TitleEnsuring PhD Development of Responsible Conduct of Research Behaviors: Who’s Responsible?
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsTitus, SL, Ballou, JM
JournalScience and Engineering Ethics
Pagination221 - 235
Date Published3/2014
ISSN Number1471-5546
KeywordsMentoring , responsible conduct of research , SCIENCE , Train-the-Trainer Materials
AbstractThe importance of public confidence in scientific findings and trust in scientists cannot be overstated. Thus, it becomes critical for the scientific community to focus on enhancing the strategies used to educate future scientists on ethical research behaviors. What we are lacking is knowledge on how faculty members shape and develop ethical research standards with their students. We are presenting the results of a survey with 3,500 research faculty members. We believe this is the first report on how faculty work with and educate their PhD students on basic research standards. Specifically, we wanted to determine whether individual faculty members, who are advisors or mentors, differ in how they implemented components of responsible conduct of research (RCR) with their PhD students. Mentors were more likely than advisors or supervisors to report working with all of their PhDs, who graduated in the last 5 years, on the 17 recognized critical components of RCR training and research skill development. We also found about half of the faculty members believe RCR is an institutional responsibility versus a faculty responsibility. Less than a quarter have had opportunities to participate in faculty training to be a better mentor, advisor, or research teacher, and about one third of faculty did not or could not remember whether they had guidelines related to their responsibilities to PhD students. We discuss the implications of our findings and focus on ways that PhD research mentoring can be enhanced.
Short TitleSci Eng Ethics
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