Development and Validation of the Survey of Organizational Research Climate (SORC)

TitleDevelopment and Validation of the Survey of Organizational Research Climate (SORC)
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsMartinson, BC, Thrush, CR, Lauren Crain, A
JournalScience and Engineering Ethics
Pagination813 - 834
Date Published9/2013
ISSN Number1471-5546
Keywordseducation , ENGINEERING , Moral , Moral Climate of Organizations , Organizational , RELIABILITY , research , SCIENCE , Scientific , scientific integrity , Validity
AbstractDevelopment and targeting efforts by academic organizations to effectively promote research integrity can be enhanced if they are able to collect reliable data to benchmark baseline conditions, to assess areas needing improvement, and to subsequently assess the impact of specific initiatives. To date, no standardized and validated tool has existed to serve this need. A web- and mail-based survey was administered in the second half of 2009 to 2,837 randomly selected biomedical and social science faculty and postdoctoral fellows at 40 academic health centers in top-tier research universities in the United States. Measures included the Survey of Organizational Research Climate (SORC) as well as measures of perceptions of organizational justice. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses yielded seven subscales of organizational research climate, all of which demonstrated acceptable internal consistency (Cronbach's α ranging from 0.81 to 0.87) and adequate test-retest reliability (Pearson r ranging from 0.72 to 0.83). A broad range of correlations between the seven subscales and five measures of organizational justice (unadjusted regression coefficients ranging from 0.13 to 0.95) document both construct and discriminant validity of the instrument. The SORC demonstrates good internal (alpha) and external reliability (test-retest) as well as both construct and discriminant validity.
Short TitleSci Eng Ethics
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