You are hereBibliography on Professional Codes of Ethics
Bibliography on Professional Codes of Ethics
This list of resources includes electronic and print materials that cover the following four areas, the use and purpose of codes of ethics, articles on writing or revising a code of ethics, how to use codes of ethics in the classroom, and a list of publications that include ethics case studies to help you use your profession's code.
Codes of Ethics (Use, authority, purpose)
Clements, Curtis, John D. Neill, and Scott O. Stovall. "The Impact of Cultural Differences on the Convergence of
International Accounting Codes of Ethics." Journal of Business Ethics 90: Supplement 3 (2009) 383-391.
Davis, Michael. "Do Cops Really Need Code of Ethics?", Criminal Justice Ethics. 10 (1991): 14-28.
---. "The Moral Authority of Professional Code," NOMOS 29 (1987): 302-337.
---. Profession, Code, and Ethics. Burlington, VT: Ashgate, 2002.
---. "Thinking like an engineer: The Place of a Code of Ethics in the Practice of a Profession", Philosophy and Public Affairs 20.2 (1991): 150-167.
---Thinking Like an Engineer: Studies in the Ethics of a Profession. New York: Oxford University Press, 1998. CSEP.TA157.D321998
---"Three Myths about Codes of Engineering Ethics." IEEE Technology and Society Magazine, Vol. 20, Issue 3. (Fall 2001) pp. 8-16.
---"What Can We Learn by Looking for the First Code of Professional Ethics?" Theoretical Medicine 24.5 (2003): 433-454.
Davis, Michael and Andrew Stark. Conflict of Interest in the Professions. Vol. VI The Oxford Series. Oxford University Press, 2001.
Dienhart, John. “Rationality, Ethical Codes, and an Egalitarian Justification of Ethical Expertise: Implications for Professions and Organizations.” Business Ethics Quarterly. 5:3(1995) 419-450.
Erwin, Patrick M. "Corporate Codes of Conduct: The Effects of Code Content and Quality on Ethical Performance." Journal of Business Ethics. 99:4 (2011) 535-548.
Farrell, H, Farrell, B. J., "The Language of Business Code of Ethics: Implications of Knowledge and Power", Journal of Business Ethics. 17: 587-601, 1998.
Fisher, Celia B. Decoding the Ethics Code: a Practical Guide for Psychologists. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, 2003.
Frankel, M. S., "Professional Codes: Why, How and With What Impact?" Journal of Business Ethics. 8: 109-115. 1989.
Gorlin, Rena A. ed. Codes of Professional Responsibility. Bureau of National Affairs: Washington, D.C., 1986.
Gotterbarn, D., K.W. Miller. 2009. "The Public is priority: making decisions using the software engineering code of ethics." Computer. 42(6): 66-73.
Harris, Charles E., "Internationalizing Professional Codes in Engineering", Science and Engineering Ethics, 10: 503-521. 2004.
Implementation and Enforcement of Codes of Ethics in Corporations and Associations. Washington D.C.: Ethics Resource Center, 1980.
Kapstein, M., "Business Codes of Multinational Firms: What Do They Say?", Journal of Business Ethics. 50: 13-31. (2004).
---. "Toward Effective Codes: Testing the Relationship with Unethical Behavior." Journal of Business Ethics 99:2 (2011) 233-251.
Kaptein, Muel and Mark S. Schwartz “The Effectiveness of Business Codes: A Critical Examination of Existing Studies and the Development of an Integrated Research Model.” Journal of Business Ethics. 77:2 (2008) 111-127.
Kendrick, Kaetrena Davis and Echo Leaver. "Impact of the Code of Ethics on Workplace Behavior in Academic Libraries." Journal of Information Ethics. 20(1): 86-112.
Kipnis, Ken. "Toward a Code of Ethics for Pre-school Teachers: The Role of the Ethics Consultant",International Journal of Applied Philosophy. Summer 1988.
---, "Evaluating Codes of Professional Ethics", en Robinson, W. L. Pritchard, M. S. Profits and Professions: Essays in Business and Professional Ethics. New Jersey, Humana Press. 225-263. 1983.
Lichtenberg, J. "What are the Codes of Ethics for." Codes of Ethics and the Professions edited by M.Candy and S. Black. Melbourne Univ. Press; 1996. Reproduced in Engineering, Ethics and the Environment by P. A. Vesilind and A. S. Gunn. pp 216. Cambridge Univ. Press, 1988. Rpt. in Ethical Issues in Engineering . Ed. Deborah G. Johnson. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1991. 137-154.
---."Computer Professionals: Moral Autonomy and a Code of Ethics", Journal of Systems Software. 17 (1992): 61-68.
McKinney, Joseph A., Tisha L. Emerson, and Mitchell J. Neubert. "The Effects of Ethical Codes on Ethical Perceptions of Actions Towards Stakeholders." Journal of Business Ethics. 97:4 (2010) 505-516.
Narvan, Frank and Edward L. Pittman. "Corporate Ethics and Sarbanes-Oxley." Wall Street Lawyer. July, 2003.
Payne, Dinah and Brett J.L. Landry. “Similarities in Business and IT Professional Ethics: The Need for and Development of a Comprehensive Code of Ethics." Journal of Business Ethics 62:1 (November 2005) 73-85.
Roberts, Chris. "Identifying and Defining Values in Media Codes of Ethics. Journal of Mass Media Ethics. (2012) 27(2): 115-129.
This article uses Schwatz's social psychology typology to identify and compare 216 values stated or implied in 15 mass media codes of ethics. The author found that all of these codes share many of the same general value types yet often use similar words to describe different values and loyalties
Schwartz, M.S. "The Development of a Model Code for Ethics Professionals." Professional Ethics. 11: (2003) 3-16.
Schwartz, M.S. "The Nature of the Relationship Between Corporate Codes of Ethics and Behavior", Journal of Business Ethics. 32: (2001) 247-262.
Schwartz, M. S., "Universal Moral Values for Corporate Code of Ethics", Journal of Business Ethics, 59: (2005) 27-44.
Singh, Jang B. “A Comparison of the Contents of the Codes of Ethics of Canada’s Largest Corporations in 1992 and 2003.” Journal of Business Ethics 61:1 (2006)17-29.
---. Determinants of Effectiveness of Corporate Codes of Ethics: An Emperical Study. Journal of Business Ethics. 101:3 (2011) 385-395.
Sirgy, M. Joseph, Philip H. Siegel, and J.S. Johar., "Towards a Code of Ethics for Accounting Educators." Journal of Business Ethics 61:3 (Oct 2005) 215-234.
Sommer, M. J. "Ethical Codes of Conduct and Organizational Context: A Study of the Relationship Between Codes of Conduct, Employee Behaviour and Organizational Rules", Journal of Business Ethics, 30: (2001) 185-195.
Svensson, Goran, Greg Wood and Jan Sinh, et al. "The Embeddedness of Codes of Ethics in Organizations in Australia, Canada, and the United States." Business Ethics: A European Review. 20:4 (2011) 405-417.
Tucker, L. R., Stathakopolous, V., Patti, H. Ch., "A Multidimensional Assessment of Ethical Codes: The Professional Business Association Perspective", Journal of Business Ethics, 19 (1999): 287-300.
Verbos, Amy Klemm, Joseph A. Gerard, Paul R. Forshey, et al. “ The Positive Ethical Organization: Enacting a Living Code of Ethics and Ethical Organizational Identity.” Journal of Business Ethics, 76:1 (2007) 17-33.
Weller, S., "The Effectiveness of Corporate Codes of Ethics", Journal of Business Ethics, 7: (1988) 389-295.
Williams, Oliver F. (ed.) Global Codes of Conduct: An Idea Whose Time Has Come. Notre Dame, IN: Notre Dame University Press, 2000.
Winkler, Ingo. "The Representation of Social Actors in Corporate Codes of Ethics: How Language Positions Internal Actors. Journal of Business Ethics 101:4 (2011) 653-665. 2011
Creating A Code Of Ethics for Your Organization, with many suggested books, by Chris MacDonald
Interpreting Your Code article by Cornelius von Baeyer, outlining principles and approaches for using a code of ethics within an organization, with the Canadian Council for International Co-operation as a case study
Recommendations for Developing Codes of Conduct, sites from Virginia Tech
International Business Ethics Review , Volume 7 , Issue 1. Available thorough the the International Business Ethics Institute
International Business Ethics Review, newsletter of the International Business Ethics Institute, has published a Winter 2004 issue (Vol. 7, #1) with a special focus on "Organizational Codes of Ethics", with suggestions on creating an effective electronic code of conduct, as well as guidelines for non-profits, among other useful articles. Also see "Writing an Effective Global Code of Conduct" by Lori Tansey Martens in Vol. 8, Issue 1 of The International Business Ethics Review.
The Journal of Mass Media Ethics offered a 2002 special issue on Codes of Ethics (link offers table of contents, with abstracts, only).
"Can You Improve your Code of Ethics?" American Society of Newspaper Editors, October 25, 2000.
"Twenty Questions to Ask about Your Code of Conduct". Joe Murphy and Win Swenson. Ethikos and Corporate Conduct Quarterly (July/August 2003).
Print Bibliography on Writing a Code of Ethics
Baker, Robert. “A Draft Model Aggregated Code of Ethics for Bioethicists.” American Journal of Bioethics 5:5 (September-October 2005) 33-41.
Creating a Workable Company Code of Ethics. Washington D.C.: Ethics Resource Center, 1990. (Second edition, 2003).
Davis, Michael, "Eighteen Rules for Writing a Code of Ethics." Science and Engineering Ethics, Vol 13, No. 2, June 2007. pp171-189.
---"Twenty ways to put life into a code of ethics." Michigan Professional Engineer. February, 1995.
Fairweather, N. Ben. "No, PAPA: Why Incomplete Codes of Ethics are Worse than None at All", in Ethics in the Age of Information Technology, G. Collste, (ed). Linkoeping, Sweden: Center for Applied Ethics, Linkoeping Universitet, 2000.
Frankel, M.S. Developing Ethical Standards for Responsible Research: Why? Form? Function? Process? Outcomes? Journal of Dental Research. Vol. 75, No.2 (1996), pp 832-835.
---,"Professional Codes: Why, How, and with What Impact?" Journal of Business Ethics 8 (1989): 109-115.
---, "Developing a Code of Ethics for Academics - Commentary on 'Ethics for All: Differences Across Scientific Society Codes' (Bullock and Panicker)", Science and Engineering Ethics, *9*, 2, pp. 171-179, 2003.
Gaumnitz, Bruce R. and John C. Lere. "Contents of Codes of Ethics of Professional Business Organizations in the United States". Journal of Business Ethics 35.1 (January 2002): 35-49. Link to abstract
Gauthier, Janel, Jean Pettifor, and Andrewa Ferrero. "the Universial Declaration of Ethical Principles for a Pscyhologist: A Culture-Sensitive Model for Creating and Reviewing a Code of Ethics. Ethics and Behavior. 20:3-4 (2010) 179-196.
Goodpaster, G. E., Maines, T. D., Weimesrskirch, A. M., "A Baldrige Process for Ethics?", Science and Engineering Ethics, 10: 243-258. 2004.
Gray, Sandra Trice, CAE. "Codify Your Ethics". Association Management Pg. 288 (August 1996).
Griggs, Francis E. “New Look at the Code of Ethics” Journal of Professional Issues in Engineering, Education & Practice. 135: 1 (January 2009) 40-46.
Article discusses the history of the American Society for Civil Engineers’ Code of Ethics and its change in emphasis to the obligation of the engineer promote the health, safety and welfare of the public. The author analyzes the most recent versions of this code, and finds it to be a mix of a code of professional practice and a code of ethics, and suggests a new way of organizing the code to correct this issue.
Joyce, Nicholas R. and Thomas J. Rankin. "The Lessons of the Development of the First APA Ethics Code: Blending Science, Practice, and Politics. Ethics and Behavior. 20:6 (2010) 466-481.
Discusses the development of the first code of ethics for the American Psychological Assocaiton
Kaptein, Muel. "Business Codes of Multinational Firms: What Do They Say?" Journal of Business Ethics 50.1 (March 2004): 13–31. Link to abstract.
Kaptein, Muel and Johan Wempe. "Twelve Gordian Knots When Developing an Organizational Code of Ethics". Journal of Business Ethics 17.8 (June 1998): 853-69. Link to abstract.
Kunungi and Martha Schweitz. Codes of Conduct for Partnership in Governance: Texts and Commentaries. Edited by Tatsuro, Tokyo, Japan: The United Nations University, 1999.
Lozano, J. Felix. “Developing an Ethical Code for Engineers: The Discursive Approach. Science and Engineering Ethics. 12:2 (January 2006) 245-256.
Messkomer, Carla Masciocchi and Carol Cabrey Cirka. "Constructing a Code of Ethics: An Experimental Case of a National Professional Organization," Journal of Business Ethics. 95:1 (2010) 55-71.
Molander, E. A. "A Paradigm for Design, Promulgation and Enforcement of Ethical Codes". Journal of Business Ethics 6 (November 1987): 619-626.
Murphy, Joe and Win Swenson. "Twenty Questions to Ask about Your Code of Conduct". Ethikos and Corporate Conduct Quarterly (July/August 2003).
Svara, James H. "Macro-Ethics in the Code of the Pan-Generalist American Society for Public Administration Public Integrity. 14(3): 229-246.
Discusses the recent revision of the code of the American Society for Public Administration and how its chief shortcoming is its lack of macro-ethical stndards that help define the responsibilities of a profession to society. The articles a potential revised version that addresses this shortcoming.
Weaver, G. R., "Does Ethics Code Design Matter? Effects of Ethics Code Rationales and Sanctions on Recipients Justice Perceptions and Content Recall", Journal of Business Ethics, 14: 367-285. 1995.
Writing a Code of Ethics. Perspectives on the Professions. 19 (1): Fall 1999.
How to use Codes of Ethics in the Classroom
Buff, Cheryl L. and Virginia Yonkers. “Using Student Generated Codes of Conduct in the Classroom to Reinforce Business Ethics Education.” Journal of Business Ethics 61:2 (October 2005) 101-110.
Carr, David. Professionalism and ethics in teaching. New York, NY : Routledge. 2000.
Luegenbiehl, Heinz C. "Codes of Ethics and the Moral Education of Engineers", Business and Professional Ethics Journal 2 (1983): 41-61.
Amstutz, Mark R. International ethics: concepts, theories and cases in global politics . Lanham, MD: Rowman, Littlefield Publishers, 1999.
Applying Professional Standards and Ethics in the Nineties: a Workbook and Study Guide with Cases for Public Administrators. Washington, DC: American Society for Public ;Administration, Committee on Professional Ethics, 1994.
Bebeau, Muriel J. Moral Reasoning in Scientific Research. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University, 1995.
Bowie, Norman E., and Patricia Hogue Werhane. Management Ethics. Malden, MA: Blackwell Publishing, 2005. Galvin Library, HF5387.B6842005
Burton, Lloyd. Ethical Aspects of Public Sector Negotiation. Washington, DC: National Institute for Dispute Resolution, 1987.
Business Ethics: Readings and Cases in Corporate Morality. New York: McGraw-Hill, 2001 CSEP.HF5387.B8732001.
Carr, David. Professionalism and Ethics in Teaching. New York, NY : Routledge. 2000. CSEP.LB1779.C372000
Cases and Readings in Markets, Ethics, and Law. Needham Heights, MA: Simon and Schuster Custom Pub., 1996.
Concepts and Cases in Nursing Ethics. Peterborough, Ont., Canada: Broadview Press, 1996.
Davis, Michael. Thinking Like an Engineer: Studies in the Ethics of a Profession. New York: Oxford Univ. Press, 1998. CSEP.TA157.D321998
Davis, Michael and Andrew Stark. Conflict of Interest in the Professions. Vol. VI The Oxford Series. Oxford University Press, 2001.
Day, Louis A. Ethics in Media Communications: Cases and Controversies. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth Publishing Co.,
Desjardins, Joseph. An Introduction to Business Ethics. New York, NY: McGraw Hill, 2003. CSEP.HF5387.D3922003
Dienhart, John William. Institutions, Business, and Ethics: a Text with Cases and Readings. New York: Oxford University Press, 1999.
Duska, Ronald F. Accounting Ethics. Vol. II. Foundations of Business Ethics. Blackwell Publishing, 2003. CSEP.HF5625.15.D872003
Ethics and Corporate Responsibility. New York: American Heritage Custom Publishers, 1995.
Ethics and Politics: Cases and Comments. Chicago: Nelson-Hall Publishers, 1990. CSEP.JA79.E8231990
Ethics in Nonprofit Management: a Collection of Cases. San Francisco, CA: University of San Francisco Institute for Nonprofit Organization Management, 1998.
Harris, Charles E. et al. Engineering Ethics: Concepts and Cases. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth Publishing, 2009. CSEP.TA157.H372008
Kallman, Ernest A. Ethical Decision Making and Information Technology. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1996. CSEP.T58.5.K341993
Koocher, Gerald P. Ethics in Psychology: Professional Standards and Cases. New York: Oxford University Press, 1998. CSEP.BF76.4.K461998
Kuczewski, Mark G. An Ethics Casebook for Hospitals: Practical Approaches to Everyday Cases. Washington, DC: Georgetown University Press, 1999. CSEP.R725.5.K831999
Kultgen, John. Ethics and Professionalism. University of Pennsylvania Press: Philadelphia, 1988., pp. 274-306. CSEP.BJ1725.K841988
Longstaff, Simon. Hard Cases, Tough Choices: Exploring the Ethical Landscape of Business. Syndey: Pan Macmillan Australia, 1997.
Management Ethics. Pymble, N.S.W.: Harper Educational, 1995.
Mintz, Steven M. Cases in Accounting Ethics and Professionalism. New York: McGraw-Hill Companies, 1997.
Mooney, Richard L. Ethics Forum: Cases and Comments. Hauppage, NY: National Association of Educational Buyers; 1996.
Newton, Lisa H.et al. Wake-up Calls: Classic Cases in Business Ethics. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth Publishing Co., 2004. CSEP.HF5387.N482004.
---.Watersheds 2: Ten Cases in Environmental Ethics. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth Publishing Co., 1997.
---.Watersheds 3: Ten Cases in Environmental Ethics. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth/Thompson Learning, 2002.
Owens, James. Business Ethics. Arlington, VA: Executive Publications Inc., 1989.
Pfeiffer, Raymond S. Ethics on the Job: Cases and Strategies. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth Publishing Co., 1999. CSEP.HF5387.P452000
Public Relations Ethics. Greenwich, CT: Jai Press, 1994.
Reamer, Frederic G. Ethics Education in Social Work. Alexandria, VA: Council on Social Work Education, 2001.
Ross, Saul. Biomedical Ethics: Concepts and Cases for Health Care Professionals. Toronto: Thompson Educational Pub., 1999.
Rothman, Juliet Cassuto. From the Front Lines: Student Cases in Social Work Ethics. Boston: Allyn and Bacon, 1998.
Seglin, Jeffrey L. Media Ethics: Issues and Cases. Boston, MA: McGraw-Hill, 2002. CSEP.P94.M362002
Velasquez, Manuel G. Business Ethics: Concepts and Cases. London: Prentice Hall International, 1998. CSEP.HF5387.V44
Last updated March 15, 2012.