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Potential for occupational exposure to engineered carbon-based nanomaterials in environmental laboratory studies.
|Title||Potential for occupational exposure to engineered carbon-based nanomaterials in environmental laboratory studies.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2010|
|Authors||Johnson, David R., Methner Mark M., Kennedy Alan J., and Steevens Jeffery A.|
|Journal||Environmental Health Perspectives|
This article describes an experiment examining the potential for laboratory personnel to be exposed to engineered carbon-based nanomaterials (CNMs) in studies aimed at producing conditions similar to those found in natural surface waters. Based on their measurements of fullerenes (C60), underivatized multiwalled carbon nanotubes (raw MWCNT), hydroxylated MWCNT (MWCNT-OH), and carbon black (CB) in air as the nanomaterials were weighed, and then transferred to beakers filled with reconstituted freshwater, and sonicated in deionized water and reconstituted freshwater with and without NOM. Airborne nanomaterials emitted during processing were quantified using two hand-held particle counters that measure total particle number concentration per volume of air within the nanometer range (10-1,000 nm) and six specific size ranges (300-10,000 nm). The researchers found that engineered nanomaterials can become airborne when mixed in solution by sonication, especially when nanomaterials are functionalized or in water containing NOM. This finding indicates that laboratory workers may be at increased risk of exposure to engineered nanomaterials.
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|Alternate Journal||Environ. Health Perspect.|