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Soft Regulation and Responsible Nanotechnological Development in the European Union: Regulating Occupational Health


By csep - Posted on 20 December 2011

TitleSoft Regulation and Responsible Nanotechnological Development in the European Union: Regulating Occupational Health
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2011
AuthorsDorbeck-Jung, Barbel
JournalEuropean Journal of Law and Technology
Volume2
Issue3
Date Published12/2011
ISSN Number2402115X
KeywordsWorkplace Safety
Abstract

Worldwide, soft regulation like codes of conduct and benchmarks have been introduced to cope with the uncertain risks and benefits of nanotechnologies. However, it seems that these regulations are facing effectiveness problems. For instance, the European Commission’s 2008 Nano Code of Conduct has not yet been implemented in the member states. Using the analytical framework of responsive regulation this article explores effectiveness problems of soft regulation that has been established to reduce exposure to nanomaterials at the workplace. The article builds on ongoing research on the effects of voluntary regulation that applies to occupational activities with nanomaterials in the Netherlands. The evaluation of this rich governance arrangement offers indications of potential effectiveness problems. A tentative lesson of the research is that soft regulation can contribute to responsible nanotechnological development if it is specific enough to meet the needs of the regulated parties, if rule compliance is supported by financial and professional resources, and if it is embedded in a culture of social responsible partners, knowledgeable vigilance and adaptation.

URLhttp://ejlt.org//article/view/86

Courtney Love Whether you love or loathe her offbeat style, Courtney Love certainly turns heads and her latest outing was no exception. Frances Bean Cobain's mom stepped out in NYC this week to celebrate the launch of Salvatore Ferragamo's Signoria, but when she hit the pink carpet, not everything was coming up roses. This isn't a total disaster for the Hole rocker, but it seems Courtney came down with a classic case of fashion trend overload. Check out how she paired her black leather dress with a leopard jacket. Sure, leather and animal print are both still hot for spring, but try one at a time. And let's talk about those shoes,bjs! Did she borrow them from her daughter's closet? They don't fit her feet and her heels are hanging off the ends. Plus, it looks like she could trip over the laces any second and take a tumble. Remember ladies, if the shoe fits, buy it... and if it doesn't, keep on shopping! Finally, her edgy ensemble was a bit out of place at this party. Other lovely ladies at the upscale bash such as Emma Roberts and Kate Mara kept it classy and chic, wearing blouses and cocktail dresses. Save the leather and leopard for a rock concert next time! The final verdict? Courtney should stick to trying one bold fashion trend at a time and finding footwear in her size. Photo credit: QVC