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Wissenschaftstheorie der nanotechnologie

By csep - Posted on 25 August 2010

TitleWissenschaftstheorie der nanotechnologie
Publication TypeBook Chapter
Year of Publication2006
AuthorsJanich, Peter
Tertiary AuthorsNordmann, Alfred, Schummer Joachim, and Schwartz Astrid E.
Book TitleNantechnologein im Kontext, edited by Alfred Nordmann, Joachim Schummer and Astrid E. Schwarz
Date Published2006
PublisherAkademische Verlagsgesellschaft
Place PublishedBerlin, Germany
Publication LanguageGerman
ISBN Number3898380742

The clarification of the nanotechnological research enterprise calls for a contribution of philosophy of science within the disciplinary division of labor. This applies, in particular, to the definition of the nanometer size range that presupposes measurement and measurement apparatus, and thus a particular way of acting. Action is guided by purposes. An account is provided of how the purpose of gaining knowledge is reoriented towards purposes of application. This helps clear up the relation of discovery and invention in nanoscience and nanotechnology. By focusing on the production of knowledge through a definite sequence of actions, certain self misunderstandings of nanoscale research can be exposed. These concern the relation of physics and chemistry or that of microscopes to the images they produce. Finally, since substances are procedurally defined by ascertaining certain material properties, the question is raised whether nanoscale substances require an entirely new phenomenology: Can we even speak of some given substance having new properties or do we need to assume that uniquely different substances emerge from the nanotechnological procedures that ascertain the new properties? (Used with editor's permission,copyright Akademishche Verlagsgesellischaft, 2006)